ENGLAND AFTER THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD

Big Changes in East Anglia

 

Religious Reformation

END OF CATHOLIC CHURCH IN ENGLAND

The English Reformation was partially initiated by King Henry VIII's desire to divorce his wife, Katherine of Aragon.  Protestantism was a religious ideology that was spreading through much of Europe during this time. As a result of these combined factors, Henry VIII broke with the Catholic Church.  One material impact of this was the large scale closure and dismantling of the monasteries.  Many local landlords and peasants participated in this process by taking and reusing the limestone from the churches.

 

MARKET AND ENCLOSURE

Changes in town and country

During the late medieval period into the industrial age, a market economy began to dominate feudal economic relationships. This rise of a market pushed the country to produce luxutry goods; cheese, and wool..  This in turn encouraged the enclosure (fencing and restricting) the medieval fields.  The former wheat fields were turned to pasture by landlords hoping to raise sheep and cattle to supply the town's market.

 

Britain expands, exploits, and fights

CONFLICT, COAL AND COLONIALISM

 The people of England colonized and settled parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. From colonialism, came new markets in sugar, cotton, and enslaved laborers from the African continent.  Protecting these new territories became a major priority for the British crown. Along with political turmoil within its borders, Britain was in many different battles, skirmishes and wars during the Early Modern Period.  Coal, timber, and other natural resources were increasingly exploited to maintain a rising population, while these changes were taking place.

 

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